A Culture of Risk Management

Managing risk is our business. It’s integral to our fiduciary role in managing our clients’ funds and fulfilling our promise. It’s how we identify, evaluate, control, monitor, and communicate the risks and opportunities associated with our operations and investments.

Our clients expect to be compensated for taking on additional investment risk. Risk management allows BCI to address uncertainty and manage associated risks and opportunities. Guiding principles inform our approach, which also requires communication and judgement. Effective risk management calls for knowledge of capital markets and legislation, as well as an understanding of investment products, business practices, and internal controls.

We take an integrated approach to risk governance. Doing so ensures that our management and Board of Directors have enhanced oversight of enterprise and investment risk management.

BCI’s Approach to Responsible Investing

Responsible investing is an essential part of the investment beliefs shared by BCI and the pension funds and many of the other clients for which we invest. We believe that companies that employ robust environmental, social, and governance matters are better positioned to generate long-term value for investors than similar companies with less favourable practices.

As we have a responsibility to ensure reliable long-term returns, BCI integrates ESG into our investment decision-making processes, portfolio management practices, and our advocacy activities.

Responsible investing is one of BCI’s investment beliefs.

Responsible Investing

Our Framework

Our primary mandate is to create long-term client wealth and protect the value of our clients’ funds. Our investment risk management framework addresses:

Concentration Risk

This is the risk of loss arising from exposure, either directly or indirectly, within or across different risk types such as region, issuer, sector, investment partner, or investment type. BCI limits risk by diversifying holdings within and across these exposures.

Credit and Counterparty Risk

Credit risk is the potential for loss from the deterioration or outright default of an issuer or guarantor’s ability to honour payment obligations. We monitor credit quality across pooled funds, asset classes, and specific strategies. Counterparty risk is the potential for loss from a counterparty not honouring its contractual obligations. We mitigate this risk by only engaging with high quality counterparties after we complete a thorough review of their creditworthiness. BCI uses approved brokers, dealers, and derivative counterparties for all trading.

ESG Risk

This involves the risk of financial loss as a result of environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors. BCI will measure and monitor ESG risk at different investment levels using best-in-class industry approaches and methodologies.

Liquidity Risk

BCI and our clients are exposed to market and funding liquidity risks. Market liquidity risk is the risk that an investment position cannot be unwound or offset in a timely fashion without enduring a significant loss attributable to market liquidity. Funding liquidity risk is the risk that a company will not be able to meet its payment obligations, both expected and unexpected, because of an inability to obtain funding. We manage liquidity risk by setting liquidity coverage ratio targets and diversifies sources and uses of liquidity by type, maturity, and counterparty.

Market Risk

This is the potential for loss resulting from adverse movement in market prices or factors such as interest rates, exchange rates, or credit spreads. We follow best-in-class industry practices to measure, manage and monitor market risk, and ensure that the risk is appropriate to each client and their expected return. We knowingly take on risk, assess the consequences of macro trends, and continually re-evaluate market conditions.